You may determine some lumps and other changes in your breasts during a self check. Please don’t worry and panic but consult your doctor to have a medical exam. Most of the breast lumps are found (80%) benign; non cancerous. Your doctor will tell you his/her opinion about the lumps after the first physical examination. There are some different causes of benign breast lumps like;
- Breast fibrosis: Normal menstrual- hormonal changes may cause changes in breast tissue in some women. These changes are called fibrocystic breast changes or fibrocystic disease. They may have symptoms like swelling, pain, tenderness and lumps. You may feel tenderness and sensitive lumps in both of your breasts a few days before your menstruation. Also a little cloudy nipple discharge may be seen. These lumps are found around the milk ducts and tissues and they enlarge and form cysts by hormonal changes during menstruation. Fibroscytic changes commonly recognized during 40s and they are not common after menopause.
- Simple cysts: They are liquid-filled sacs and usually found in both breasts. Simple cysts are oval round shaped and tender to touch. They are commonly found in women in 40s but they may occur at any age. Their tenderness and size may change by hormonal changes during the menstruation period.
- Fibroadenomas: These are the mostly found benign breast lumps in Fibroadenomas usually occur by the enlargement of the milk glands and surrounding connective tissue. You can feel and move them under the skin, they are not tender and painful like other cysts. You can have one or more fibroadenomas in your breasts.
- Intraductal papillomas: They are wart-like growths in the mammary ducts around the nipples. They may cause clear or bloody nipple discharge. Intraductal papillomas are commonly found in women who are between 45-50 years old.
- Fat necrosis: They are also called traumatic fat necrosis. They happen by an injury in the fat tissue of the breasts. Fat forms round and painless lumps by trauma effect. Fat necrosis also may happen after radiotherapy or surgery.