Cholesterol is a waxy substance and a fat type in your body. High cholesterol level increases heart attack, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases risk. Cholesterol is produced in your body also you take extra cholesterol with foods.
HDL and LDL are lipoproteins which transport cholesterol in your body. HDL cholesterol is called good cholesterol because it cleans your body from excess cholesterol. HDL cholesterol carries and transports the excess cholesterol from tissues to liver. This process is called reverse transport of cholesterol.
HDL cholesterol transports the excess cholesterol to the liver and liver removes cholesterol from your body. HDL cholesterol provides reverse transport of cholesterol , cleans your body and reduces heart attack, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases risk, this is the reason that HDL called good cholesterol.
Reference ranges of HDL
- Normal male: > 40 mg/dL
- Normal female: > 50 mg/dL
- High: > 60 mg/dL