Human papillomavirus is a skin to skin transmitted virus that causes warts in people. There are more than 100 types of HPV and some of them cause genital warts and cervical cancer. HPV test can be done to determine for screening women older than 30 or women whom genital smear result is abnormal.
Preparation Before HPV Test
Don’t have sexual intercourse 2 days before the HPV test
Don’t use any vaginal tablets, suppositories or creams.
HPV test shouldn’t be done during the menstruation period.
Do all HPV carriers get cancer ?
Some women carry HPV but they don’t get cancer. If their immune system is strong enough cancer risk will be low. Cancer risk increases when the immune system gets weak because of some reasons or diseases.
How the Human Papillomavirus passes ?
HPV spreads through skin to skin contact especially with sexual contact. Condom can’t prevent HPV everytime because it can be found on the skin outside of the condom. HPV can be transmitted by direct sexual contact, oral or anal sex. HPV has 100 different types and 40 of them may be found in genital area skin and membranes.
Which HPV Types Cause Cervical Cancer ?
HPV type 16,18,31,35,39,45,51,52 and 58 have more risk about cervical cancer than others. These are high-risk HPV types and cause % 70 of cervical cancers. HPV types 6 and 11 cause % 90 of genital warts but they have less risk than other HPV types.
How HPV can be detected ?
High-risk HPV type can be detected with a genetic test method; HPV RNA. Human papillomavirus DNA is searched to understand the HPV presence in the blood. At the same time smear test is the most important test for cervical cancer screening.