Hypoglycemia : Low blood sugar (Blood glucose)

Hypoglycemia also  known as low blood sugar or low blood glucose means decreasing of  glucose  below normal levels in blood circulation. A normal person’s fasting blood sugar level must be between 70-100 mg/dL, if glucose level is found lower than 70 mg/dL this is called hypoglycemia.

Hypoglycemia is an emergency and it must be fixed as soon as possible because if brain can’t take adequate sugar brain functions may be disrupted. Blood tests can be done to identify hypoglycemia; you can have a laboratory test or you can check your blood glucose level by yourself with a glucometer but if you are unable to check your blood sugar level you should treat as you have hypoglycemia because this is a dangerous situation and may cause accidents, coma, brain function disruption and even death.

Causes of  Hypoglycemia

  • Insulin dose: Main cause of hypoglycemia is wrong usage of insulin for diabetes, using more insulin than required causes hypoglycemia
  • Medications: Some medicines like quinine, salicylates may cause hypoglycemia or if a person without diabetes swallows diabetes medicines this may drop blood glucose level and cause hypoglycemia
  • Hormone deficiencies: Disorders of adrenal glands and pituitary gland may cause hypoglycemia
  • Kidney problems: :Kidney diseases may cause problems in removing the medications from the body so low blood sugar and hypoglycemia occurs
  • Insulin production increasing: Some problems may affect pancreas and it produces more insulin than normal; like tumors
  • Alcohol abuse: Liver stops releasing stored glucose to blood circulation if person drinks too much alcohol without eating enough food
  • Starvation: Not eating for a long time because of famine or a diet may cause hypoglycemia
  • Infections: Some kinds of infections may cause low blood sugar and so hypoglycemia


Symptoms of  Hypoglycemia

Early Symptoms of Hypoglycemia

      • Shakiness
      • Anxiety
      • Anger
      • Nervousness
      • Hunger
      • Headache
      • Irritability
      • Weakness
      • Dizziness
      • Nausea
      • Vomiting
      • Tachycardia; rapid, fast heartbeat
      • Sleepiness
      • Sweating
      • Difficulty of sleeping
      • Skin tingling
      • Fatigue
      • Chills
      • Difficulty of speaking
      • Crying out during sleeping

Later symptoms ; if hypoglycemia is not treated

      • Confusion
      • Concentration  problems
      • Seizures
      • Unconsciousness
      • Blurred vision
      • Numbness and tingling in lips and tongue
      • Coma
      • Passing out
      • Coordination problems

Treatment of Hypoglycemia

If you feel that you have hypoglycemia you should raise your blood sugar level immediately. If you have the symptoms above, eating something with carbohydrates would help you. This may be 4-5 piece candy (containing sugar), 3-4 glucose tablets, a tube of glucose gel, half cup of fruit juice or a soft drink, a tablespoon of  honey, sugar, corn syrup,  a cup of milk, 2-3 tablespoon of raisins. After eating or drinking these sugary food and drinks wait for 15 minutes and check your blood sugar level with your glucometer . If your blood glucose level is lower than 70 mg/dL eat something from the list above and check your blood glucose again after 15 minutes, repeat these eating and measuring steps until your blood glucose level becomes normal. If  it is a severe hypoglycemia it can be treated in a hospital  so causes of hypoglycemia may be diagnosed at the same time.


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