There are different kinds of cells in our blood; leukocytes ( WBC – white blood cells) erythrocytes ( RBC- red blood cells) and platelets( thrombocytes). These cells may be mixed to urine in pregnancy by some different health problems. Blood mix causes a red or reddish color in the urine. The reason of the red color is erythrocytes in urine. This condition is also called blood in urine or hematuria.
Erythrocytes in urine may cause a red or pink colored urine but sometimes urine color may be normal and the erythrocytes may only be determined by microscopic analysis or urinalysis tests. (See:Urinalysis) There must be no erythrocytes in urine during pregnancy, there can be various reasons like
Causes of erythrocytes in urine during pregnancy
- Urinary tract infection (See:Urinary tract infections)
- Kidney infection
- Kidney stone
- Bladder stone
- Kidney cancer
- Bladder cancer
- Genetic disorders
- Kidney injury by a trauma
- Beeturia (red or pink urine when you eat beetroot)
These are the common causes of erythrocytes in urine for all people, also UTI ( urinary tract infections) are more common in pregnancy because enlarged urinary tract by pregesterone effect and enlarged uterus. Also some kind of medications may cause red color in the urine.
Symptoms and diagnosis of erythrocytes in urine & pregnancy
You should consult your doctor if you see blood in your urine or feel the symptoms like painful urination, burning urination, groin pain, nausea, vomiting, weakness, etc. These symptoms may be caused by erythrocytes in urine presence but may be a sign of an another problem or just may be caused by pregnancy ( like nausea, vomiting, weakness). Your doctor will request some laboratory test like urinalysis, urine culture or urine microscopy to determine the erythrocytes in urine and its cause.
Treatment of erythrocytes in urine in pregnancy
Treatment depends on the cause of the blood in urine. For exp your doctor may prescripe you some antibiotics in urinary tract infections or kidney infections which will not harm your baby. Medication therapy or other treatment methods may be used for kidney stones and bladder stones or your doctor may decide to postpone the treatment after birth according to the severity of the symptoms.